A structured homeschool science curriculum for 1st grade can guide and deepen kids natural curiosity. Since children are naturally curious, Science answers many questions about how and why things work.
Here's a sample of a week-by-week homeschool science curriculum for 1st grade kids
Weeks 1-4: The World of Living Things
1. Living vs. Non-Living
- Criteria for life (growth, reproduction, etc.).
- Sorting activity with pictures or objects.
2. Plant Life Cycle
- From seed to mature plant.
- Plant a seed and journal its growth over weeks.
3. Animal Life Cycles
- Focus on a common animal like a butterfly or frog.
- Observe real-life stages (e.g., caterpillar to butterfly) if possible.
4. Habitats and Homes
- Desert, forest, ocean, etc.
- Craft: Create dioramas or drawings of different habitats.
Weeks 5-8: The Amazing Human Body
5. Bones and Skeletons
- Introduction to the skeletal system.
- Craft: Create a skeleton with straws or cotton swabs.
6. Muscles and Movement
- Learn about how muscles help us move.
- Physical activity: Act out movements and identify muscles in use.
7. Our Breathing System
- Introduction to the lungs and breathing.
- Simple experiment: Breathing into a bag and feeling it expand.
8. Heart and Blood
- Learn about the circulatory system.
- Listen to heartbeats using a stethoscope or simple method.
Weeks 9-12: Planet Earth and Beyond
9. Our Home: Planet Earth
- Introduction to Earth's place in the solar system.
- Model the solar system with balls or drawings.
10. The Moon and its Phases
- Observing the moon over several nights.
- Craft: Create a moon phase chart.
11. Stars and Constellations
- Introduction to stars and familiar constellations.
- Night sky observation, if possible.
12. The Sun: Our Star
- Discuss the sun's role in our lives.
- Simple experiment: Observe how sunlight affects plant growth.
Weeks 13-16: Weather Wonders
13. Introduction to Weather
- Types of weather and tools to measure it.
- Create a simple weather station.
14. Water in the Air
- Learn about humidity, evaporation, and condensation.
- Experiment: Use a glass of cold water to observe condensation.
15. Cloud Types
- Introduction to cumulus, stratus, etc.
- Cloud watching and recording different types.
16. Wind and Storms
- Learn what causes wind and basic storm types.
- Craft: Create a simple wind vane.
Weeks 17-20: Matter and Materials
17. States of Matter
- Solids, liquids, and gases.
- Experiment: Water in its three states.
18. Properties of Materials
- Texture, flexibility, transparency, etc.
- Sorting activity: Group objects based on properties.
- Exploring attractions and repulsions.
- Experiment with a variety of objects and a magnet.
- Why do some things float and others sink?
- Experiment with objects in water.
Weeks 21-24: Simple Machines
21. Lever and Fulcrum
- Introduction to the lever.
- Hands-on: Teeter-totter model or similar.
22. Wheel and Axle
- Learn about its uses in daily life.
- Experiment: Rolling objects of different sizes/shapes.
23. Pulley System
- Introduction to pulleys.
- Activity: Set up a simple pulley.
24. Wedges and Screws
- Discuss their uses and differences.
- Hands-on: Simple tasks using a wedge and screw.
Weeks 25-28: Water World
25. Properties of Water
- Cohesion, surface tension, etc.
- Simple experiments using drops of water.
26. Water Cycle
- Evaporation, condensation, precipitation.
- Craft: Draw or model the water cycle.
27. Oceans and Seas
- Basic oceanography, marine life.
- Documentary or virtual tour of marine habitats.
28. Freshwater Bodies
- Lakes, rivers, ponds.
- Activity: Local visit or explore using maps.
Weeks 29-32: Environmental Science
29. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
- Concepts of waste and recycling.
- Activity: Set up a home recycling station.
30. Trees and Forests
- Importance of trees, deforestation.
- Plant a tree or care for a houseplant.
31. Alternative Energy
- Wind, solar, hydro-power basics.
- Craft: Simple windmill or sundial.
32. Conservation at Home
- Saving water, electricity, etc.
- Activity: Checklist or pledges for conservation at home.
Weeks 33-36: Exploration and Review
33. Choose Your Topic
- Re-explore a favorite topic.
34. Science Fair Prep
- Prepare a project or experiment to share.
35. Science Fair
- Present to family or friends.
36. Wrap-up and Reflection
- Discuss learned topics, favorite experiments, and future interests.
Adapt and adjust your homeschool science curriculum for 1st grade based on the child's interests. Hands-on activities, experiments, field trips, and multimedia resources will enrich the learning experience.
Homeschool Science Curriculum Samples